In general, the principle of the separate use of languages applies not only to administration, but also to justice (Fraenkel-Haeberle 2008). It is understandable that the principle of individual choice of language in the context of criminal procedure is essential to guarantee the best chances for the defence, while it is partially mitigated in civil proceedings, in which it is diverted from the interest of a speedy procedure. In general, tests are conducted in only one language. There are, however, several exceptions to this rule. The two languages, German and Italian, are often used in a study, which is possible because human resources are bilingual. In the field of legal pedagogy, the Austrian University of Innsbruck proposed in the 1970s a series of specialisation courses that helped to remedy the delays in education. In addition, a cooperation agreement between Austria and Italy in the field of higher education came into force in 1983. [44] This agreement, in collaboration with the University of Padua, paved the way for the integrated Italian law programme at the University of Innsbruck. [45] Since 1985, the integrated programme has allowed the study of Italian law, partly by German means, partly by the Italian medium. This has contributed to the establishment of bilingual lawyers and the increase in the number of German-speaking legal experts in public administration, as envisaged by the ethnic quota system. The close collaboration between South Tyrol and the University of Innsbruck is one of the cornerstones of the greater Tyrol identity (Pernthaler 2007: 214).

With regard to the financial relations between the State and the autonomous province of Bolzano, a more flexible procedure for manoeuvring space governs south Tyrol`s financial autonomy. This is an exception to the aforementioned amendment procedure, which allows for faster changes,[27] while still guaranteeing parity and the principles of bilateral cooperation in relations with the State (Valdesalici 2010). As a general rule, each special region has a different financial agreement with the state, which is governed by the statutes of autonomy. The South Tyrol Option Agreement (German: option in South Tyrol; In Italian: Opzioni in South Tyrol) was an agreement in force between 1939 and 1943, when the German-speaking mother of Haut-Adige and three municipalities of the province of Belluno had the opportunity to emigrate either to neighbouring Nazi Germany (of which Austria was a part after the attachment in 1938), or to Fascist Italy, and by forcibly integrating into Italian culture , losing their language and cultural culture.